Interacting with GitHub

Probot uses GitHub Apps for authorizing requests to GitHub's APIs. A registered GitHub App is a first-class actor on GitHub, like a user (e.g. @bkeepers) or an organization (e.g. @github). The GitHub App is granted access to all or selected repositories by being "installed" on a user or organization account and can perform actions through the API like commenting on an issue or creating a status.

Your Probot app has access to an authenticated Octokit client that can be used to make API calls. It supports both the GitHub REST API, and the GitHub GraphQL API.

REST API

context.octokit is an instance of the @octokit/rest Node.js module, and allows you to do almost anything programmatically that you can do through a web browser.

Here is an example of an autoresponder app that comments on opened issues:

module.exports = (app) => {
app.on("issues.opened", async (context) => {
// `context` extracts information from the event, which can be passed to
// GitHub API calls. This will return:
// { owner: 'yourname', repo: 'yourrepo', number: 123, body: 'Hello World! }
const params = context.issue({ body: "Hello World!" });

// Post a comment on the issue
return context.octokit.issues.createComment(params);
});
};

See the full API docs to see all the ways you can interact with GitHub. Some API endpoints are not available on GitHub Apps yet, so check which ones are available first.

GraphQL API

Use context.octokit.graphql to make requests to the GitHub GraphQL API.

Here is an example of the same autoresponder app from above that comments on opened issues, but this time with GraphQL:

// GraphQL query to add a comment
const addComment = `
mutation comment($id: ID!, $body: String!) {
addComment(input: {subjectId: $id, body: $body}) {
clientMutationId
}
}
`
;

module.exports = (app) => {
app.on("issues.opened", async (context) => {
// Post a comment on the issue
context.octokit.graphql(addComment, {
id: context.payload.issue.node_id,
body: "Hello World",
});
});
};

The options in the 2nd argument will be passed as variables to the query. You can pass custom headers by using the headers key:

// GraphQL query to pin an issue
const pinIssue = `
mutation comment($id: ID!) {
pinIssue(input: {subjectId: $id}) {
clientMutationId
}
}
`
;

module.exports = (app) => {
app.on("issues.opened", async (context) => {
context.octokit.graphql(pinIssue, {
id: context.payload.issue.node_id,
headers: {
accept: "application/vnd.github.elektra-preview+json",
},
});
});
};

Check out the GitHub GraphQL API docs to learn more.

Unauthenticated Events

When receiving webhook events, context.octokit is usually an authenticated client, but there are a few events that are exceptions:

For these events, context.octokit will be unauthenticated. Attemts to send any requests will fail with an error explaining the circumstances.

GitHub Enterprise

If you want to run a Probot App against a GitHub Enterprise instance, you'll need to create and set the GHE_HOST environment variable inside of the .env file.

GHE_HOST=fake.github-enterprise.com

When using Probot programmatically, set the baseUrl option for the Probot constructor to the full base Url of the REST API

const MyProbot = Probot.defaults({
baseUrl: "https://fake.github-enterprise.com/api/v3",
});

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