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Logging

A good logger is a good developer's secret weapon. Probot comes with pino, which is a minimal logging solution that outputs JSON data and leaves formatting, sending, and error handling to external processes.

app.log, context.log in an event handler, and req.log in an HTTP request are all loggers that you can use to get more information about what your app is doing.

module.exports = (app) => {
  app.log.info("Yay, my app is loaded");

  app.on("issues.opened", (context) => {
    if (context.payload.issue.body.match(/bacon/)) {
      context.log.info("This issue is about bacon");
    } else {
      context.log.info("Sadly, this issue is not about bacon");
    }
  });

  app.route().get("/hello-world", (req, res) => {
    req.log.info("Someone is saying hello");
  });
};

When you start up your app with npm start, You should see your log message appear in your terminal.

app.log will log messages at the info level, which is what your app should use for most relevant messages. Occasionally you will want to log more detailed information that is useful for debugging, but you might not want to see it all the time.

module.exports = (app) => {
  // …
  app.log.trace("Really low-level logging");
  app.log.debug({ data: "here" }, "End-line specs on the rotary girder");
  app.log.info("Same as using `app.log`");

  const err = new Error("Some error");
  app.log.warn(err, "Uh-oh, this may not be good");
  app.log.error(err, "Yeah, it was bad");
  app.log.fatal(err, "Goodbye, cruel world!");
};

By default, messages that are info and above will show in your logs, but you can change it by setting the LOG_LEVEL environment variable to trace, debug, info, warn, error, or fatal in .env or on the command line.

$ LOG_LEVEL=debug npm start

Log formats

In development, it's nice to see simple, colorized, pretty log messages. But those pretty messages don't do you any good when you have 2TB of log files and you're trying to track down why that one-in-a-million bug is happening in production.

When NODE_ENV is set (as it should be in production), the log output is structured JSON, which can then be drained to a logging service that allows querying by various attributes.

For example, given this log:

module.exports = (app) => {
  app.on("issue_comment.created", (context) => {
    context.log.info("Comment created");
  });
};

You'll see this output:

{"name":"Probot","hostname":"Brandons-MacBook-Pro-3.local","pid":96993,"event":{"id":"afdcb370-c57d-11e7-9b26-0f31120e45b8","event":"issue_comment","action":"created","repository":"robotland/test","installation":13055},"level":20,"msg":"Comment created","time":"2017-11-09T18:42:07.312Z","v":0}

The output can then be piped to one of pino's transport tools, or you can build your own.

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